Choosing a UPS System 101: The Fundamentals

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With an Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS), you can safeguard your electrical loads from power outages, voltage drops, and other problems. A wide variety of UPS solutions are available, and choosing the right one from the right Vertiv ups service partner for your application might be difficult.

What exactly is a UPS?

A battery backup system shuts down the equipment if the utility power goes out. As a result, your electrical devices are less likely to be damaged by a sudden power outage.

Also known as a surge protector, the UPS is designed to prevent damage, deterioration of life span of electronic equipment and gadgets, or a reduction in performance due to surges and aberrant voltages.

Do I Need a UPS System?

As soon as there's a power outage, the UPS AMC switches to battery power and provides a continuous energy supply for the battery's lifespan. Your system's battery life will be affected by the electricity you consume. The battery backup allows you to shut down critical equipment, servers, and even video game consoles without losing any data or progress. Different UPS systems offer different levels of protection against other power issues.

In what forms do UPS systems come?

Depending on the type of power protection you require from a UPS system, there are three different topologies or classifications. Line-Interactive and Double-Conversion are the three available topologies.

What kind of power issues am I experiencing?

A blackout is the only power outage that most people are aware of. In this case, the power goes out for a few seconds to several days. However, there are many more prevalent issues with power.

When it comes to electricity, what are some of the most typical issues?

The following list provides definitions for some of the more frequent power issues. Here are some examples of power issues you could encounter:

Surge: Lightening is a common culprit for causing a quick but powerful surge in electricity. Surges harm circuit boards and components because of the high "spike in electricity" or spike in voltage.

Blackout: A power outage can last anywhere from a few seconds to several days. The typical culprits are utility power shortages, severe weather, power grid failures, and accidents.

Brownout: Intentional or accidental loss of electrical power for an extended period is known as a "brownout." In an emergency, your utility company may reduce your electricity's voltage to conserve scarce resources and prevent a complete blackout.

Voltage Sags: There are two types of voltage dips: A sag occurs when the voltage drops quickly and abruptly, unlike a brownout.

Over Voltage: It occurs when an appliance's voltage is higher than typical but not high enough to be categorized as an overvoltage or surge.

Frequency Noise: A circuit's performance can be adversely affected by a phenomenon known as frequency noise, also referred to as line noise.

Frequency variation: It is rare when the power supply is constant, but it can occur when generators are used, and the frequency of the power fluctuates more than is desirable.

Harmonic Distortion: This is a deviation from the optimum electrical signal on a particular power source.

When the power goes out, how long do I want to be able to use my appliances?

You've already decided on the topology and size of your backup power supply. You must now consider what you will do with the battery power if there is a power outage. What if you wanted to focus your attention on safely shutting down all of your networked devices? The power is off, but do you want to keep your DVR and TV running? Do you intend to play through the current segment of the game to the end, or are you content to store your progress?

Runtime has to be calculated immediately. During a power outage, the runtime of a UPS system refers to how long the connected devices will have access to power. The minimum runtime is the time required to shut down your equipment correctly.

In the case of a power loss, you'll want to know how long the batteries in the UPS can keep your equipment operational. It is essential to keep in mind that the amount of watts supported has an impact on battery life. The longer the runtime, the greater the power load.

When determining how long it will take, we need a range. Build an appropriate range of runtimes by figuring out how long it will take for the device to shut down completely. The more options you have, the more likely you will find a UPS system that fits your needs.

Now that you've compiled a list of the components, your backup power supply system must include. Visit our Universal Power System to help determine which of the Electronics UPS systems is best suited for your application. We're here to help if you have any questions or concerns.